Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]
The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western environment as sleeping apparel for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to zenske pidzame them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, once in a while, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.